What is the difference between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist? (3 factors)

Psychology is a field of study with a wide variety of scope and specialization and there are a lot of careers and professions working in this discipline. And since Neuropsychologists and Psychologists both work in the field of psychology, there may be some confusion as to what is their difference in terms of subject matter and specialization. If you want to understand what is the difference between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist, keep reading below.

What is the difference between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist?

Below are the three factors that make a Neuropsychologists different from Psychologists

  • Education requirement
  • Approach to psychological conditions
  • Salary

What is Psychology?

Psychology is the field of science that deals with the study of mind and behavior and how they relate to one another. This field encompasses all human experiences most specifically those that are intangible to us such as thought processes, emotions, perceptions, goals, dreams, disposition, behavior, as well as brain function. 

Psychology touches on other different fields of studies such as medical sciences, social sciences, and even education. Psychology capacities as both a flourishing scholastic discipline and a professional practice through perception, estimation, and testing, to shape findings that depend on sound logical strategy. 

It also incorporates the organic impacts, prevalent burdens, and natural factors that influence individuals’ thought processes, actions, and feelings. It’s tied in with understanding what is most important to individuals and how this understanding can assist us with tending to large numbers of the issues and issues in the public eye today.

Through psychology, we learned that the mind dictates and influences our behavior, from communication and memory to thought and emotion.

What is a Neuropsychologist?

A neuropsychologist is the main calling explicitly prepared to utilize task-based measurements (i.e., the Trail-Making Test) to assess the utilitarian capacities of an individual’s cerebrum. 

They address neurobehavioral messes that are viewed as formative problems of the sensory system. They have specific preparation in how to shape medicines from a conclusion in light of a progression of mental tests taken by a patient. 

In the event that likewise prepared as a neuroscientist, a neuropsychologist could integrate imaging proof into their conclusion and treatment arranging. 

Numerous neuropsychologists work in clinical settings to assist patients with nerve issues and deal with their ailments. While the work they do is like conventional clinicians, neuropsychologists concentrate on what the particular cerebrum frameworks and designs mean for actual development, both intentional and compulsory instead of what the brain means for ways of behaving.

Neuropsychologists treat common disorders and illnesses such as brain injuries, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, learning disabilities, and stroke.

What is a Psychologist?

Psychologists are maybe the most notable specialties in the field of psychology. A psychologist is a kind of specialist who concentrates on how the human psyche and human way of behaving interface and can either be clinical or non-clinical. 

Psychologist frequently works in a particular area of study and practice. While there are various sub-kinds of psychologists, most play out their work in one of three designs specifically Applied psychology, Research psychology, and Mental health psychology. 

A huge piece of their work is essentially talking to individuals through their feelings and considerations, in a productive way, to assist them with driving additional satisfying lives. Psychologists will likely assist the patient with having the option to deal with those issues. 

They will tune in and speak with the patient about the patient’s considerations and sentiments to assist them with having a more joyful, more fruitful existence. 

What Is the Difference Between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist in terms of educational requirements?

While both neuropsychologists and Psychologists have a doctoral psychology (Ph.D. or Psy.D.) degree and require licensure to practice in a specific state, neuropsychologists should finish additional education and training to practice neuropsychology since they are a kind of clinical therapists. 

It means that they should get advanced preparation that permits them to see and treat patients, regardless of whether they decide to zero in their vocation on research. 

That extra training implies more cost and additional time spent in the study hall prior to starting their profession, yet it gives a more profound and more particular range of abilities that could demonstrate cutthroat while searching for a task. 

Psychologists can pick a clinical or non-clinical path, contingent upon their occupation and career-specific desire. Neuropsychologists and psychologists sometimes have different licensing requirements depending on the state they are in.

What Is the Difference Between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist in terms of approach to psychological conditions?

A neuropsychologist’s area of attention is focused on research as they treat nervous system problems. They are basically intrigued by the mind’s mental capacity, like consideration, language, and memory while a clinical psychologist principally centers around ways of behaving, feelings, and treatment for concerns connected with these. 

A portion of the common circumstances a neuropsychologist manages incorporate mental imbalance, learning and attention problems like attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and dyslexia, severe brain injury, stroke, and dementia.

While a clinical psychologist can assist people to adapt to stressful circumstances, defeat addictions, deal with their chronic sicknesses, analyze a condition or give them a thought regarding their contemplations, ways of behaving, and sentiments, and manage depression. 

The neuropsychologist assists individuals with keeping up with independence, while the clinical psychologist assists individuals with further developing their overall mental health.

Lastly, neuropsychologists perform the following procedures gathering clinical history, completing a neuropsychological assessment utilizing polls and computer-based insightful programming or with blocks and riddles, dissecting and coordinating information, and giving criticism.

Meeting the patients, requesting that the patient goes through a couple of demonstrative tests to preclude different circumstances, giving directing treatment or psychotherapy, and performing entrancing to treat agony, nervousness, or state of mind issues are the methods most clinical psychologists do.

What Is the Difference Between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist in terms of Salary?

Both neuropsychologists and psychologists are specialists who have broad information and training in their area of specialization. They’re customarily generously compensated for their abilities, knowledge, and capacity and pay might change as indicated by where they are serving. Neuropsychologists procure almost $93,000 each year on normal while the typical pay of a clinical psychologist is $80,370.


Both neuropsychologists and psychologist have their own field of specialization that makes them different from one another. Generally speaking, neuropsychologists are a little bit more restricted due to their specialization. 

Most neuropsychologists treat patients with neurological issues, sicknesses, or wounds. A clinical psychologist varies from a neuropsychologist since they fundamentally center around feelings and ways of behaving, as well as the related treatments. 

Albeit clinical psychologists can’t endorse medicine and they don’t normally draw upon neuroscience during their everyday work and anybody can look for the administrations of, and benefit from, a clinical psychologist.

Nonetheless, you would commonly possibly look for the administrations of a neuropsychologist assuming that you or a friend or family member right now has, or is creating, a brain-altering condition. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): What is the difference between a Neuropsychologist and a Psychologist?

Is neuropsychology neuroscience or a psychologist?

Current neuropsychology dates just from the 1960s, however, as a part of neuroscience, the investigation of brain science as it connects with the physiology of the cerebrum goes back similar to antiquated Egypt.

Who is the most famous neuropsychologist?

There are numerous doubtful discussions concerning who merits the most recognition for such disclosures, and frequently, individuals remain unmentioned, yet Paul Broca – frequently alluded to as “the father” of the discipline is maybe one of the most renowned and notable supporters of neuropsychology.

What does neuropsychological testing show?

A neuropsychological assessment is a test to gauge how well an individual’s brain is functioning. The capacities tried to incorporate perusing, language utilization, consideration, getting the hang of, handling speed, thinking, recalling, critical thinking, mindset, and character and that’s just the beginning.


Klappenbach, H., Vázquez-Ferrero, S. and Gallegos, M., 2018. The long road to the profession of Psychologist. In Psychology in Latin America (pp. 27-51). Springer, Cham.

Hothersall, D. and Lovett, B.J., 2022. History of psychology. Cambridge University Press.

Fuchs, K.L., 2009. Neuropsychologist. International Journal of MS Care, 11(1), pp.32-37.

Blau, T.H., 1998. The psychologist as an expert witness. John Wiley & Sons Inc.

What Is the Difference Between a Psychologist and a Neuropsychologist? Medical Author: Divya Jacob, Pharm. D. Medical Reviewer: Pallavi Suyog Uttekar, MD Medically Reviewed on 3/5/2021 https://www.medicinenet.com/difference_between_a_psychologist_and_neuropsychol/article.htm 

What Are the Differences Between Psychology Specialties? Mylea Charvat, Ph.D. September 19, 2018 What Are the Differences Between Psychology Specialties? | Psychology Today