What are the most common branches of Science? (20 branches)

Science, as a systematic approach to uncovering how everything works, is very vast that it touches everything that we know and understand in our expanding universe. For us to make sense of this large body of knowledge in a logical way, science is divided into different disciplines. These disciplines are called branches and they deal with more specific topics. If you want to know more about science and what are the most common branches of it, keep reading below.

What are the most common branches of Science?

Below is the list of 20 most common branches of Science

  • Anatomy – the study of the human body
  • Anthropology – the study of the humanity
  • Astronomy – the study of celestial objects, space, and the physical universe as a whole.
  • Biology – the study of life
  • Botany – the study of plants
  • Chemistry – the study of the properties and behavior of matter.
  • Ecology – the study of the relations of organisms to one another
  • Genetics – the study of heredity and the variation of inherited characteristics.
  • Geography – the study of the  physical features of the earth and its atmosphere
  • Geology – the study of the earth’s physical structure and substance 
  • Mathematics – the study of the abstract science of number, quantity, and space.
  • Microbiology – the study of the  microorganisms
  • Physics – the study of the nature and the universe
  • Psychology – the study of the human mind and its functions
  • Sociology – the study of the development, structure, and functioning of human society
  • Statistics – the science of collecting and analyzing numerical data in large quantities 
  • Taxonomy – the study of the classification, especially of organisms; systematics.
  • Thermodynamics – the study of the relations between heat and other forms of energy
  • Virology – the study of the viruses
  • Zoology – the study of animals

What is science?

Science is a general body of knowledge and everything that deals with the pursuit of truth, processes, and human endeavor. Science can assist us with grasping ourselves and our reality, to perceive how it works and where we fit inside it. 

There will constantly be inquiries to be responded to. What occurs after we pass on? What makes us dream? What is awareness? It is this quest for replies, humankind’s inborn interest, and drives to know ‘why’, that pushes logical disclosure forward. 

Its conceivable science may one day track down the responses, however on the off chance that it didn’t, it will not be for the absence of endeavoring. Science depicts a subject matter, commonly about something in the actual world, that can be made sense of concerning logical perception or the logical technique. 

The logical strategy is a revelation cycle that can be summed up as a peculiarity in the actual world that requires clarification or speculation, for the peculiarity is framed by the theory and is tried through level-headed, reproducible examinations. 

In the event that the consequences of the trials support the speculation, it becomes acknowledged as a logical hypothesis. Afterward, on the off chance that new data is found to go against the speculation, it could be updated or deserted for another theory, which is then exposed to extra examinations.

The most fascinating thing about science is that it’s rarely wrapped up. Each disclosure prompts more inquiries, new secrets, to something different that needs making sense of. It’s an instance of the more we know, the more we realize we don’t know anything by any means. For instance, the revelation of the twofold helix construction of DNA reformed how we might interpret science, raising entirely different regions to be concentrated on like hereditary alteration and engineered science.

Indeed, even inside the assortment of information that science has collected, nothing is ever demonstrated. While we might have a great deal of information to help the hypothesis that indeed, the universe exists or that people developed civilizations, we are continually refining and reevaluating the information. 

On account of Einstein, gravity today isn’t what it was really going after or Laplace. Any new proof might uphold this hypothesis however it doesn’t demonstrate it. While we acknowledge specific speculations as ‘valid’, we do this temporarily. 

Even proven laws and theories are constantly challenged today because the world of science is an ever-changing discovery of new truths. Jules Verne once said, “Science is made up of mistakes, but these mistakes are useful to make because they lead little by little to the truth”. 

Logical truth depends on realities. Beliefs, religion, sentiments, and bias don’t have anything to do with science. Just realities matter. Checked, reproducible realities are the bedrock of logical truth.

The truth today doesn’t ensure we won’t tomorrow track down proof running against the norm. Science is continually assembling extra proof concerning known hypotheses for good measure.

What are the three largest distinctions in science?

In science, the biggest distinction is whether science is pure, theoretical, or whether it is applied, or practical. Pure science makes sense of a phenomenon, while applied science decides how a specific phenomenon might be put to utilize. 

As a general rule, Pure science is additionally gathered into three categories. First is the Physical sciences, which manage matter and energy and permit us to depict the material universe with regard to weight, mass, volume, different norms, and goal measures. 

The second is Earth sciences, which make sense of the peculiarities of Earth, its climate, and the nearby planet group to which it has a place. Furthermore, in conclusion, is the life sciences, which portray living organic entities, their inside processes, and their relationship to one another and the climate. 

Be that as it may, these three groups of pure science have areas of cross-over, where one sort of phenomenon might be related to another. Hence, qualifications between pure sciences, and, surprisingly, among pure and applied sciences, can obscure, and another compound science can be created. 

An illustration of this is biochemistry, in which biology and chemistry are both contemplated to understand, observe, and explain the synthetic cycles of living things.

What are the three major disciplines of science?

Present-day Science is fundamentally comprised of three primary disciplines. The Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, and Formal Sciences as these three disciplines scrutinize the idea of our reality and the universe in the broadest manner. In this manner, the three fundamental classifications of Science are Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, and Formal Sciences. 

Natural Sciences is the center of the branches of science as it studies the idea of our actual world and the universe. The three major branches of Natural Sciences are Physics which is the study of the universe, Chemistry, the study of matter, and Biology which deals with the study of life and living organisms. 

Aside from the natural sciences,  Modern Science additionally contains Social Sciences and Formal Sciences. Social Sciences concentrate on human social orders from across the globe as well as the relationship of people with their social climate. 

The significant branches of Social Science are Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology, Economics, Archeology, History, Geography, Law, and Politics. 

Formal Sciences is a seriously extraordinary area of concentration in Science as it utilizes formal frameworks to create information and investigate the idea of various disciplines going from Mathematics, and Logic to Computer Science and Information Technology. 

The main branches of Formal Sciences are Mathematics, Statistics, Systems Science, Artificial Intelligence, Information Technology, Logic, Computer, Science, Data Science, and so on.


Science significantly affects humankind’s exercises as a whole. Logical creations and revelations, including the hypothesis of the beginning of the universe, the hypothesis of development, and the disclosure of qualities, have given humankind many clues relating to human life according to enlightened and social perspectives. 

Science and innovation have affected the development of how we might interpret the world, our perspective on society, and our attitude toward nature. Science will undoubtedly keep on being viewed by humankind as one of the most significant entities.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 20 branches of science?

How many kinds of science are there?

Science can be of various types. The most widely recognized ones incorporate Biology, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Social Science.

Who is the father of science?

Galileo Galilei is known as the father of Science.

What part of science is the study of the human body?

Anatomy and Physiology is a branch of Science that deals with the human body.


Chalmers, A.F., 2013. What is this thing called science?. Hackett Publishing.

Ziman, John. “Real science: What it is, and what it means.” (2001): 145.

Kuhn T. The history of science. In Philosophy, Science, and History 2014 Jun 27 (pp. 106-121). Routledge.

Kagan, J., 2009. The three cultures: Natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities in the 21st century. Cambridge University Press.

Conant JB. Modern science and modern man. In Modern Science and Modern Man 1952 Mar 2. Columbia University Press.

The Branches of Science. Updated February 21, 2017 | Factmonster https://www.factmonster.com/math-science/the-branches-of-science