What are the 9 Branches of Pure Social Science?

Social science is the scientific study of society. It is a diverse and sometimes confusing field, with a range of topics including that investigate the people and their societies. Social science is typically thought of as an interdisciplinary field of study. This article will answer the question “what are the 9 Branches of Pure Social Science?”

What are the 9 Branches of Pure Social Science?

The 9 Branches of Pure Social Science are the following:

  • Anthropology 
  • Archaeology
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • History 
  • Linguistics
  • Psychology
  • Political Science
  • Sociology

What is Social Science?

Social science is the study of human beings and their social interactions. It includes all of the work that is done in schools, universities, and research centers. 

Social science is a term that was coined in the late 1800s. The first use of the term was in a work titled “The Study of Society” by sociologist Max Weber. 

Today, social science includes sociology, psychology, anthropology, political science, economics, and so much more. There are many different sub-fields within social science.

Who are the social scientists?

Social scientists are experts in studying social interactions and phenomena. They use a variety of methods to gather data from groups of people, including surveys, interviews, and observations.

They analyze this data to determine how people are interacting with each other and how they are affected by their environments. Social scientists often work with policymakers to help them understand the needs of a group of people and help them create laws and policies that will affect the group.

Social scientists often study topics such as marriage, family, child development, and human sexuality. Social scientists use a variety of methods to study social behavior and social interactions. 

They might interview people or collect data. Social scientists typically study groups of people who are similar to them, such as members of a certain race or age group.

Social Science is divided into 8 major branches which are further explained below


Anthropology is the study of humanity and culture. It is one of the most interesting and diverse fields of study because it examines people’s ideas, thoughts, beliefs, and behaviors. 

Anthropology is not just about humans; it includes animals and plants as well. Anthropologists look at how people interact with their environment and how they live in their communities.


Archaeology is the study of human history and prehistory through the recovery and analysis of material culture. It uses scientific methods to uncover hidden aspects of the past such as who people were, what they did, and how they lived. 

The field includes the study of all human cultures with evidence of past human activity. It is a broad discipline that integrates many different scientific disciplines. The goal of archaeology is to understand how the past informs the present.


Economics is the study of how people use scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. It deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. 

Economics is closely related to the field of business and is the foundation for the field of economics. Economics is a branch of science that studies human behavior as it relates to the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. Economics is also closely related to the field of business.


Geography is the study of the Earth and its features. Geography is typically divided into two broad categories: physical geography and human geography. 

Physical geography is the study of the natural world such as climate, rocks, vegetation, and physical features such as mountains, rivers, and oceans. 

Human geography is the study of human activities on Earth including population distribution, urbanization, transportation networks, communication systems, and economic systems.


History is the study of the past and its influence on the present. It is the story of what has happened in the past and how it shapes who we are today. 

History is made up of many different events, dates, and people that create a narrative that can be studied over time. The discipline is used to understand human behavior and its development as well as society and culture.


Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. It is a branch of both linguistics and the social sciences. It is closely related to language acquisition, language variation, language change, language disorder, language death, and the history of languages. 

Linguistics is not only the study of language itself but also the study of how humans use language.


Psychology is the study of how people think, feel, and behave. It is the science of how our minds work. Psychology also includes the scientific study of behaviors such as memory, perception, attention, language, emotion, motivation, and consciousness.

There are many different theories in psychology, including cognitive, social, developmental, biological, and clinical. Psychology is a broad field that includes a variety of different topics, such as social psychology, personality psychology, abnormal psychology, and developmental psychology.

Political Science

Political Science is the study of how societies function and how they make decisions. There are many different branches of political science, such as International Relations, American Politics, Political Philosophy, and International Law. 

One of the main goals of political science is to understand the “how” and “why” of how society functions. One of the most important concepts in political science is understanding what it means to be a citizen in a democratic society.


Sociology is the study of how societies work and how they can be improved. The sociologist observes society and its institutions and tries to explain why things happen the way they do. 

This can involve asking questions like “Why do some people have more money than others?” or “Why are people who have been arrested more likely to commit another crime?” Sociology is also the study of how people interact with each other, and how different groups of people interact with each other.


Social science is the scientific study of human beings and their behavior. It is made up of three fields: anthropology, sociology, and psychology. The field of social science is incredibly diverse, with different areas of study like economics, criminology, public health, and education. While the field is diverse, all social scientists share a common goal: to understand human behavior and how it affects society.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 9 Branches of Pure social science?

Who is the father of social science?

The father of social science is named Karl Marx. He is the person who created the theory of dialectical materialism, which was a major contribution to social science. He came up with many ideas about how society functions and how people should be treated in society. He also contributed to sociology and economics.

What is the difference between social studies and social science?

Social studies and social science are terms that are often used interchangeably, but they are actually two different types of subjects. Social studies are taught in schools, while social science is more of a research-based subject. Social science includes topics such as sociology, psychology, and economics.

What is the nature of social science?

Social science has always been a dynamic and ever-changing field, but it is still difficult to understand the effect of this change on the world. Some people believe that social science is a reflection of what is happening in the world, which means that society is undergoing a major shift. Others believe that social science is the cause of what is happening in the world, meaning that social science is making things happen.


Flyvbjerg, B. (2005). Social science that matters. Foresight Europe, 2, 38-42.

Perry, J., & Perry, E. (2015). Contemporary society: An introduction to social science. Routledge.

Colander, D. C., & Hunt, E. F. (2019). Social science: An introduction to the study of society. Routledge.

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