What are the 7 Branches of Philosophy?

Philosophy is the study of questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. It is a broad subject that spans the humanities and social sciences. Philosophy tries to answer questions about human nature and existence and how to live a good life. This article will discuss what is Philosophy and what are its 7 branches.

What are the 7 Branches of Philosophy?

The following are the 7 Philosophy:

  • Metaphysics
  • Axiology
  • Logic
  • Aesthetics
  • Epistemology
  • Ethics
  • Hermeneutics

What is Philosophy?

Philosophy is a broad field of study that seeks to answer questions about the ultimate nature of reality, existence, knowledge, values, and existence. It is the study of the fundamental nature of being and the world.

It seeks to answer questions such as: What is truth? What is justice? What is freedom? What is beauty? What is good? and What is the meaning of life?

The word philosophy comes from the Greek word “Philos” which means “love of wisdom.” The Greeks had a philosophical school called the “School of Athens” which was created in the 5th century BC. 

This school was based on the ideas of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. The three philosophers were considered the greatest minds of their time and came up with many philosophical ideas, such as the idea that only what is good is real and everything else is an illusion.

There are many different branches of philosophy, but there is a single goal for all of them: understanding and interpreting the world. The goal of philosophy is to understand the world and what we know about it.

Some of the most famous philosophers include Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes. Socrates was a Greek philosopher who was known for his belief that virtue is knowledge and vice is ignorance.

He was also a strong advocate of the idea that only the free will of humans can be trusted. Plato was a Greek philosopher who was known for his idea that the world is ruled by a set of eternal and unchanging laws.

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who was known for his idea that all living things are composed of four elements: earth, water, air, and fire. 

Descartes was a French philosopher who was known for his idea that there is no such thing as an external world and that we can only be sure of what we are directly experiencing.

Philosophy is not a subjective field but one that objectively looks at the world and attempts to understand it. It is divided into 7 branches:


Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the study of the nature of being, the world, and the universe. It is the scientific study of what is beyond physical reality and how it can be understood. Metaphysics investigates whether metaphysical claims are supported by empirical evidence. 

Metaphysics also refers to the philosophical theories that attempt to explain these metaphysical questions. t is also the science that deals with the idea that there is more to our universe than what meets the eye. 

Metaphysics is often considered to be a discipline of epistemology and ontology, which are the philosophical study of knowledge and being. The founders of metaphysics are the ancient philosophers who invented the science of metaphysics. 

The most famous of these philosophers is Plato, who was the first to develop the idea of a perfect world in his writings. Other influential founders include Pythagoras, who was the first to use the term “metaphysics,”.

Lastly, Aristotle, who is the most cited ancient philosopher in modern philosophy. These individuals were all philosophers who were known for their understanding of the world and their deep philosophies.


Axiology is the study of value. The word “axiology” comes from the Greek word axios, which means “to value.” how values are created and communicated, and the study of the consequences of different values. 

Values are a set of beliefs that govern our actions. They are the principles we hold most important. Values are a fundamental part of our identity and create a sense of purpose. 

They are a compass that tells us what is right and wrong. When we have values, we do not need to think about them because they become automatic. 

Values are like a compass, guiding us through life and helping us to make decisions. Axiology is a type of moral philosophy that deals with the different aspects of human life like morality


Logic is a branch of philosophy that studies the principles of valid inference and correct reasoning. Logic is a field of study that helps us understand how the world works and how we can best make use of it.

The term logic is also used to refer to the methods and systems of reasoning in mathematics, the natural sciences, linguistics, theology, and all aspects of life, from everyday situations to complex engineering problems. 

The origin of the study of logic is rooted in ancient Greece. Ancient Greek philosophers were the first to start studying logic, which is the study of reasoning. 

The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates was known for his use of the method of elenchus, which is a method of argumentation that has its roots in the philosophy of logic.


Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty, art, and the creative or critical examination of this concept. It studies what is beautiful, why something is beautiful, and what makes something beautiful. 

There are different definitions of what beauty is and what it means to be beautiful. Beauty can be used to describe a person, thing, or idea. Beauty is a complex term. It can mean many different things to different people. 

Aesthetics can also be defined as “the qualities of something that are agreeable or pleasing to the senses.” It’s the creation of something appealing to the senses, whether it be a person, a painting, or a building. 

The study of aesthetics is considered one of the most fundamental branches of philosophy. It is related to the fields of epistemology and ethics.


Epistemology is the study of knowledge. It is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature, scope, and validity of knowledge. This means that it is the study of how we know what we know. 

It also deals with the question of what counts as knowledge and why we should trust our sources of knowledge. Epistemology can be broken down into two categories: formal epistemology and informal epistemology. 

Formal epistemology is the study of the methods and processes that are used to justify claims to knowledge. Informal epistemology is the study of knowledge in everyday life.


Ethics is the study of moral principles and values. It is the study of what is right and wrong in human conduct. Ethics are universal and apply to all people, in all places, at all times. 

The word ethics comes from the Greek word ethos, which means “character.” Ethics is a broad term that encompasses many different topics such as philosophy, religion, law, and culture. 

Ethical philosophy explores the meaning of life, the nature of morality, and how individuals should live their lives. Ethical religions often discuss how to live a moral life and how to act in accordance with a set of spiritual principles.


Hermeneutics is the study of interpretation, which includes understanding a text and its meaning, as well as the principles and methods of interpretation. 

It is a word that comes from the Greek word hermeneia, which means “to interpret.” In general, it is the theory or art of interpretation, including the principles of understanding a text and its meaning. 

is also a philosophical theory of interpretation that seeks to understand the meaning of religious texts.


Philosophy is the study of the fundamental nature of reality, knowledge, and existence. It is a highly complex and diverse field of study that can encompass everything from the nature of existence to the meaning of life. There are 7 branches of philosophy and each one tries to seek an understanding of our universal existence.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 7 branches of philosophy?

Who is the father of philosophy?

Socrates is considered to be the father of philosophy. Socrates was a Greek philosopher who lived around 400 BC. Socrates had a very strong interest in questioning people and learning about the world. He was known for his great wisdom and courage.

What is the most fundamental branch of philosophy?

The most fundamental branch of philosophy is logic. Logic is the study of reasoning and argumentation. It’s the study of how to think clearly and rationally.

What is the oldest branch of philosophy? 

The oldest branch of philosophy is metaphysics, which is the study of the nature of reality and existence.


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Maritain, J. (2005). An introduction to philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield.

Von Hildebrand, D., & Seifert, J. (1960). What is philosophy?. Routledge.

Branches of Philosophy. Retrieved July from https://philosophy.lander.edu/intro/what.shtml

Branches-of-Philosophy – StuDocu. Retrieved from https://www.studocu.com/ph/document/bicol-university/arts-appreciation/branches-of-philosophy/19142691