What are the 50 branches of biology?

Biology is one of the broadest branches of natural science. It is much broader than chemistry and physics in terms of how many focus or studies it covers. Since biology is the study of life, it has a wide range of other disciplines under it including some interdisciplinary sciences. This article answers the question “what are the 50 branches of biology?”

What are the 50 branches of biology?

Listed below are the 50 branches of biology in alphabetical order.

Actinobiology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of radiation and its effects on living things.

Agriculture

It is a branch of biology that practices the production of crops and livestock

Agroforestry

The branch of biology that focuses on different forms of land that can be used for the cultivation of herbaceous crops and trees crops

Anatomy

The branch of biology that deals with the study of the parts and structure of living things

Biochemistry

An interdisciplinary of biology and chemistry that deals with the study of chemical reactions that occurs in many life activities.

Biophysics

An interdisciplinary of biology and physics because it applies laws of physics to natural phenomenon

Biotechnology

The practical application of organisms to produce drugs, vaccines, and medicines for commercial purposes.

Botany

It is the scientific study specifically for plants

Carcinology

The branch of biology that deals with the study of crabs and crustaceans

Cardiology

The branch of biology that studies the heart.

Cell biology

It is the branch of biology that revolves around the fundamental unit of life that is cell

Computational Biology

A scientific study in biology that uses biological information to develop computations to understand biological processes

Cryobiology

This is the study of how low temperatures affect living organisms

Dendrology

The branch of biology that deals with the study of shrubs and trees

Dermatology

The branch of biology that deals with the study of skin

Developmental Biology

The scientific study of the development, growth, and processes found in plants and animals

Ecology

A branch of biology that deals with how organisms interact and respond to their environment.

Entomology 

It is the branch of biology that deals with the scientific study of insects

Ethnobiology

It is the study of the human interaction from the past up to the present with the environment

Evolution

The branch of science deals with the study of the inter-relationship between past and present-day organisms as well as their origin and variation.

Floriculture

This branch studies plants that yield flowers.

Genetics

This branch of biology studies genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.

Geobiology 

An interdisciplinary field of both geology and biology that deals with  the relationship between organisms and their environment

Gynecology

A branch of biology that focuses its studies on the female reproductive organs

Herpetology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of reptiles and amphibians

Histochemistry

An interdisciplinary of both chemistry and biology because it studies the chemical nature of an organism’s tissues

Human Biology

A field in biology that specifically studies the species of humans from their evolution, genetics, heredity, anatomy, and many more aspects.

Immunology

It is the study of all organisms’ immune system

Ichthyology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of fishes

Mammalogy

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of mammals

Medicine

An interrelated branch of science that relates to the prevention, alleviation, or cure of diseases.

Mycology

It is the study of fungi

Microbiology

This branch focuses on the minute life forms of microorganisms

Neurobiology

This is the study of nervous systems and cell functions

Otorhinolaryngology

This is the study of ear, nose, and throat

Ornithology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of birds

Parasitology

It is the study of the relationship between parasites and their hosts

Pathology

This is a branch of biology that deals with diseases and other conditions found in organisms.

Pharmacology

This is the study of the effects of medicines on organisms

Photobiology

The branch of biology that studies the light concerning its uses in living organisms

Physiology

It is the study of the human body and how it functions.

Primatology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the science that deals with 

Primates

Palynology

An interdisciplinary that covers taxonomy and evolution of pollen grains.

Radiobiology

Study of ionizing radiation and its interactions with organisms

Structural Biology

This is the study of the structure of organisms biological at the molecular level

Taxonomy

This branch focuses on the classification, arrangement, description, and naming of organisms

Toxicology

This is the study of the influence of narcotics on different organisms

Urology

It is the study of the abnormalities of the urinary and urinogenital tract

Virology

It is the study of viruses that causes diseases

Zoology

It is one of the significant branches of biology that deals with the study of the animal kingdom

Conclusion:

Biology and its various branches have been one of the foundations of the understanding of our modern world today. Many of its discoveries and advancements helped us solve issues in health, welfare, and even industries. It is one of the forefathers of systematize body of knowledge that we still rely on today. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 50 branches of biology?

What are the three major branches of biology?

The three major branches of biology are botany, zoology, and microbiology. Botany deals with the study of the plant kingdom. The father of Botany is known to be Theophrastus. Zoology is the branch that deals with the study of all the kingdoms of Animalia. And microbiology is the branch of biology that studies the life of microorganisms both prokaryotic and eukaryotic.

Who is the father of biology?

Taught by Plato, Aristotle is considered the father of biology. During the Classical period in Ancient Greece, he founded the Peripatetic school of philosophy, Lyceum.

What is a cell?

The cell is known to be the smallest unit of life. It has three major parts; the cell membrane, the nucleus, and the cytoplasm. Every living organism is composed of cells whether unicellular or multicellular.

Reference

Reece, J. B., Urry, L. A., Cain, M. L., Wasserman, S. A., Minorsky, P. V., & Jackson, R. B. (2014). Campbell biology (Vol. 9). Boston: Pearson.

Branches Of Biology Encyclopedia Articles https://www.britannica.com/browse/Branches-Biology 

Woese, Carl R. “A new biology for a new century.” Microbiology and molecular biology reviews 68, no. 2 (2004): 173-186.

BioExplorer.net. (2022, June 06). Branches of Biology / Divisions of Biology. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/divisions_of_biology/

Szent-Gyorgyi, A. (2012). Introduction to submolecular biology. Elsevier. 

Branches of Biology and Their Meaning LEEFRANCESEMERYSEP 27, 2016 https://owlcation.com/stem/Branches-of-Biology-and-its-Meaning 

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