What are The 5 Major Branches Of Philosophy?

Philosophy is the study of how one can lead a good life. It is also the study of how one can live in harmony with themselves and others. Philosophy can be studied through both the study of history and through modern-day life. Philosophy is a very broad field of study and this article will discuss the 5 major branches of philosophy.

What are The 5 Major Branches Of Philosophy?

The 5 major branches of Philosophy are the following:

  • Metaphysics
  • Ethics
  • Logic
  • Epistemology
  • Axiology

What is Philosophy?

Philosophy is the study of the nature of reality, knowledge, morality, and existence. It is the search for answers to fundamental questions about human existence. 

Philosophers are interested in such questions as: What is the meaning of life? What is the nature of truth? What is the relationship between mind and body?

The first known philosopher was Thales of Miletus, who was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher. Thales first came up with the idea that everything is composed of a single substance, called “Hyle”. Hyle was later replaced by the idea of “nous” which means “mind” in Greek.

Philosophy is very broad and can be looked at from many different perspectives. One such perspective is philosophical anthropology, which focuses on understanding human beings. 

Philosophical anthropology is a branch of philosophy that looks at how humans think and behave, and what it means to be human.

Philosophers aim to provide a systematic understanding of what is true and what is false in life. There are many different philosophical schools of thought, but some of the most common ones are existentialism, idealism, and materialism.

History of Philosophy

Philosophy has always been an important part of our society. It is a way to improve the human condition by understanding and questioning it. Philosophy has existed since ancient times and many philosophers have changed the way we think about the world and ourselves. 

The history of philosophy is an immense topic and can be broken down into different periods. The earliest period of philosophy was the pre-Socratic period, which began in the 6th century BC. 

The pre-Socratic period is often referred to as the “age of wonder.” The next period of philosophy was the Sophist period, which began in the 5th century BC. 

This period is also referred to as the “age of knowledge.” The final period of philosophy was the Stoic period, which began in the 3rd century BC.

Philosophers such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were some of the first people to question the human condition and how it affects our lives. Other philosophers such as Descartes and Kant have helped shape our understanding of the world in a more modern-day context.

The 5 major branches of Philosophy are further explained below


Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that investigates the nature of being, existence, reality, and the relationship between mind and matter. 

The word “metaphysics” comes from two Greek words, meta, and physis. Meta means “beyond” or “after,” while physis means “nature.” The term was coined by Aristotle to describe the study of what he considered to be the most important branch of philosophy.

Metaphysics is the study of the nature of being and reality. In short, it is the study of what is beyond what is known. It seeks to answer questions such as: 

  • What is the nature of reality? 
  • What is the relationship between mind and body? 
  • What is the meaning of life? 
  • What is truth? 

Metaphysics also deals with questions about the universe, such as: 

  • How did the universe come into existence? 
  • What happens after death?

Many philosophers have attempted to answer this question about the relationship between mind and matter, and how this relationship might be possible. The most famous being René Descartes who argued that mind and body are separate entities.


Ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with moral principles and the right and wrong in human conduct. It is the set of beliefs, values, and norms that govern the conduct of an individual or group. 

Ethics are often divided into different fields such as religious ethics, medical ethics, and business ethics. Ethics can also be separated into different approaches, such as natural law ethics, virtue ethics, and consequentialism.

Ethics is categorized into two: normative ethics, which deals with moral values and principles that govern human behavior, and meta-ethics, which deals with the meaning of ethical statements.

There are a few different schools of thought on ethics, but the most common is called consequentialism, which focuses on how actions affect the greatest number of people. 

It is important to have ethics because, without them, it would be difficult to know what is right and wrong. Without ethics, people would not be able to make good decisions and would not be able to live in peace.


Logic is a branch of philosophy that uses valid reasoning to determine the best course of action. It is the study of how arguments are related to one another and what makes a good argument. 

Logic is also a way of thinking that uses critical thinking to distinguish true from false, correct from incorrect, and valid from invalid. It is the process of discovering valid conclusions from given premises.

Logic is also known as the science of valid inference and correct reasoning. It is the study of the formal foundations of such inferences. Logic is used in fields as diverse as mathematics, philosophy, law, and computer science.


Epistemology is the study of knowledge and how it is acquired. It is an important branch of philosophy, and it looks at the nature of knowledge and how we can know things with certainty. 

Epistemology takes into account the mind-body problem, meaning it also looks at the relationship between mind and body. It is closely related to the study of logic and the philosophy of language.

Epistemology asks questions such as: How do we know that our senses are reliable? How do we know if our beliefs are justified? How do we know if something is true?


Axiology is the study of values. The word comes from the Greek word Axios, which means “worthy” or “fitting.” It is the study of how to make choices and decisions about values, and how these choices and decisions can be made in a moral way.

Axiology is a philosophy that studies the nature of value in human beings, objects, and situations. It’s also the discipline of moral philosophy that investigates the standards of value and the ways in which they are applied.


In summary, philosophy is the study of the nature of reality, knowledge, morality, and existence. It is the search for truth and understanding. Philosophy is concerned with understanding human nature and the world around us. Philosophy is often divided into different branches that each focus on different philosophical questions. The 5 main branches of philosophy are Metaphysics, Ethics, Logic, Epistemology, and Axiology.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 5 major branches of philosophy?

Who is the father of philosophy?

The father of philosophy is Socrates. Socrates is a Greek philosopher who was born in Athens, Greece in the year 470 BC. Socrates believed that he could know the truth by questioning people and listening to their answers. He believed that “the unexamined life is not worth living.” This is a quote from Socrates.

What are the greatest philosophies in life?

There are many different philosophies in life. Some of the most well-known ones are from Socrates, Buddha, and Jesus. All three of these men have taught people about living a happy and fulfilled life. Socrates believed that virtue is the highest good, Buddha believes that enlightenment is the way to happiness, and Jesus taught people to love one another and to turn the other cheek. It’s important to understand what philosophy is really about before trying to live by one.

Why is philosophy divided into branches?

Philosophy has been divided into branches in order to help people who are studying the subject and those who are interested in it. Philosophy is such a broad subject that there is no way to fit it into one branch. It’s split into many branches so that people can focus on what they are interested in and not get lost in the massive amount of information philosophy has to offer.


Durant, W. (1961). Story of philosophy. Simon and Schuster.

Maritain, J. (2005). An introduction to philosophy. Rowman & Littlefield.

Von Hildebrand, D., & Seifert, J. (1960). What is philosophy?. Routledge.

Main Branches of Philosophy: Metaphysics, Axiology, Logic . Retrieved from https://leverageedu.com/blog/branches-of-philosophy/

The Five Branches of Philosophy | Jeanet Maduro de Polanco . Retrieved from https://jeanetmadurodepolanco.net/the-five-branches-of-philosophy/