What are the 30 branches of biology?

Biology, which came from the Greek word “bio” which means life, and “logos” which means study, is one of the major branches of natural science and studies a wide variety of subjects as it tackles everything that has to do with life. In this guide, we will answer the question “what are the 30 branches of biology?”

What are the 30 branches of biology?

Here are the 30 branches of biology:

Agriculture

It is a branch of biology that practices the production of crops and livestock

Anatomy

The branch of biology that deals with the study of the parts and structure of living things

Botany

It is the scientific study specifically for plants

Computational Biology

A scientific study in biology that uses biological information to develop computations to understand biological processes

Cryobiology

This is the study of how low temperatures affect living organisms

Developmental Biology

The scientific study of the development, growth, and processes found in plants and animals

Ecology

A branch of biology that deals with how organisms interact and respond to their environment.

Entomology 

It is the branch of biology that deals with the scientific study of insects

Ethnobiology

It is the study of the human interaction from the past up to the present with the environment

Genetics

This branch of biology studies genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms.

Geobiology 

An interdisciplinary field of both geology and biology that deals with  the relationship between organisms and their environment

Herpetology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of reptiles and amphibians

Human Biology

A field in biology that specifically studies the species of humans from their evolution, genetics, heredity, anatomy, and many more aspects.

Immunology

It is the study of all organisms’ immune system

Ichthyology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of fishes

Mammalogy

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of mammals

Medicine

An interrelated branch of science that relates to the prevention, alleviation, or cure of diseases.

Mycology

It is the study of fungi

Microbiology

This branch focuses on the minute life forms of microorganisms

Neurobiology

This is the study of nervous systems and cell functions

Ornithology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the study of birds

Parasitology

It is the study of the relationship between parasites and their hosts

Pathology

This is a branch of biology that deals with diseases and other conditions found in organisms.

Physiology

It is the study of the human body and how it functions.

Primatology

It is the branch of biology that deals with the science that deals with primates

Radiobiology

Study of ionizing radiation and its interactions with organisms

Structural Biology

This is the study of the structure of organisms biological at the molecular level

Taxonomy

This branch focuses on the classification, arrangement, description, and naming of organisms

Virology

It is the study of viruses that causes diseases

Zoology

It is one of the major branches of biology that deals with the study of the animal kingdom

What is the importance of biology?

As etymology suggests, biology as the study of life is very important in the field of science, especially today. Without this wide field of study, we wouldn’t know much about ourselves and the organisms we share this biosphere with. 

We wouldn’t learn how to better take care of our well-being as well as other living things without the foundation that biology has laid before us. 

In fact, biology was considered the most important branch of science during the earliest centuries of its organization because it helped our ancestors be able to manage life in their surrounding area, utilize natural resources, and use it for their own survival. 

Nowadays, advancement in the field of biology has brought improvement to how we care for our health as well as other living organisms. 

Lastly, biology is very significant as it is the only branch of natural science that deals with the study of life. And what we’ve been doing so far in science is how to understand everything that we need to know so that we can stay alive and well. 

Conclusion:

Biology is a discipline of natural science that deals with the origins, morphology, anatomy, physiology, distribution, and behavior of all living organisms. 

It is one of the largest and broadest field of science because there are a lot of life forms to derive research and study from. That is why there are a lot of branches in this field that is often interconnected to other sciences. 

These branches are classified by the type of organism being studied or by their extent of life. 

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs): what are the 30 branches of biology?

Who is the father of biology?

The father of biology is the Greek philosopher and polymath Aristotle. He founded the Peripatetic school of philosophy, the Lyceum, and the Aristotelian tradition during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. He was also mentored by Plato, one of the greatest Greek philosophers and thinkers of his time.

What are the three major branches of biology?

The three major branches of biology are Botany which is the scientific study of plants, Microbiology the branch that focuses on the minute life forms of microorganisms, and lastly Zoology the branches of biology which deals with the study of the animal kingdom.

What are the seven types of biologists?

The seven types of biologists are the following: 

  • Ecologist.
  • Biological engineer.
  • Biostatistician.
  • Forensic biologist.
  • Microbiologist.
  • Marine biologist.
  • Wildlife biologist.

Reference

Woese, C.R., 2004. A new biology for a new century. Microbiology and molecular biology reviews, 68(2), pp.173-186.

Lindley, J. (1839). An introduction to botany. Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans.

Tortora, G. J., Funke, B. R., & Case, C. L. (2018). Microbiology: an introduction. Pearson.

Zucker, A. (2019). Zoology. In A Companion to Byzantine Science (pp. 261-301). Brill.

Lewis, Trevor. “Thrips, their biology, ecology and economic importance.” Thrips, their biology, ecology and economic importance. (1973).

Campbell, P. N. (Ed.). (2013). Biology in profile: a guide to the many branches of biology. Elsevier.

Blokhuis, Harry. “sciences to numerous branches of biology. Indeed, the Welfare Quality® partnership.” Improving farm animal welfare: Science and society working together: the Welfare Quality approach (2013): 13.

Different Branches of Biology https://biologywise.com/different-branches-of-biology 

Branches of biology https://www.biologyonline.com/dictionary/branches-of-biology 

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