What are the 26 branches of botany?

The study of herbal science is perhaps the most established 

 as well as the oldest study of natural science follows back to antiquated Greece and the Roman world. Today the branches of the botanical study, for convenience, recognize several major areas or approaches as disciplines of botany. Keep reading the article to find out about the 26 branches of science.

What are the 26 branches of botany?

Here is the list of the 26 branches of botany and their definition

  • Agricultural Science – The branch of botany that manages the investigation of those plants that are of monetary significance and their creation.
  • Agronomy – The branch of botany that manages the development of harvests and the administration of soil.
  • Agrostology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of grasses.
  • Algology – Otherwise called Phycology. It is the investigation of green growth.
  • Arboriculture – The branch of botany that manages the investigation of the proliferation of trees.
  • Bacteriology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of microscopic organisms.
  • Bryology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of Bryophytes like greeneries, liverworts, and hornworts.
  • Dendrology – The branch of botany that manages the investigation of woody plants like bushes and trees.
  • Financial Botany – The branch of botany that manages the monetary purposes of plants and plant items.
  • Ethnobotany – The branch of botany that manages plants and their relationship with people.
  • Agriculture – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of the Cultivation of plants.
  • Lichenology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of lichens.
  • Mycology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of parasites.
  • Orchidology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of orchids.
  • Paleobotany – The branch of botany that manages the investigation of plant fossils.
  • Palynology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of dust grains and spores.
  • Phenology – The branch of botany that manages the investigation of the timing of root and shoots germination, blossoming, and fruiting.
  • Plant Anatomy – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of underlying properties of plants.
  • Plant Biochemistry – The branch of botany that manages the synthetic cycles and atoms associated with plants.
  • Plant Biotechnology – The branch of botany that manages the use of plants and plant items for human government assistance.
  • Plant Physiology – The branch of botany that manages the investigation of plant cycles and capacities.
  • Plant Cell Biology – Otherwise called plant cytology, is the branch of botany that deals with the investigation of plant cells and related processes.
  • Plant Genetics – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of qualities and hereditary legacy in plants.
  • Plant Morphology – The branch of botany that manages a plant’s outer design.
  • Plant Pathology – The branch of botany that deals with the investigation of illnesses in plants.
  • Plant Tissue Culture – Otherwise called micropropagation. It is the investigation of quick spread in plants.

What is botany?

The term ‘botany’ is inferred from the Greek word ‘botane’ which signifies “grass” or “field.”. One who studies ‘botany’ is known as a ‘botanist’.

Botany is one of the world’s most seasoned inherent sciences. At first, Botany incorporated all the plant-like life forms, for example, algae, lichens, ferns, fungi, and mosses among real plants. Later on, it was seen that bacteria, algae, and fungi have a place in an alternate kingdom.

Plants are the significant wellspring of life on the planet. They give us food, oxygen, and an assortment of unrefined components for different modern and homegrown purposes. For that reason, people have forever been keen on plants since the days of yore.

Plants were of principal significance to early people, who relied on them as wellsprings of food, shelter, clothing, medication, decoration, apparatuses, and sorcery. Today it is known that, notwithstanding their commonsense and monetary qualities, green plants are basic to all life.

Through the course of photosynthesis, plants change energy from the Sun into the synthetic energy of food, which makes all life conceivable. A subsequent extraordinary and significant limit of green plants is the development and arrival of oxygen as a result of photosynthesis.

The oxygen of the climate, so significant to many types of life, addresses the gathering of over 3,500,000,000 long stretches of photosynthesis by green plants and green growth.

The Greek researcher Theophrastus was one of the early Botanists of the world. He is otherwise called the “Father of Botany” because of his significant compositions on plants. 

One of his books called “Enquiry into Plants” grouped the plants in light of the geological reaches, sizes, uses, and development designs. The other work called “On the Causes of Plants” made sense of the financial matters of developing plants.

The development of the compound magnifying lens by Robert Hooke in 1665 denoted the headway of logical information in the field of Botany. It helped in the investigation of the life structures and physiology of plants. 

The disclosure of chlorophyll helped in grasping the course of photosynthesis. Gregor Mendel concentrated on the hereditary legacy in plants through his examinations of pea plants.

As a result of the long distraction of people with plants, a huge group of old stories, general data, and genuine logical information has been collected, which has turned into the reason for the study of botany.

With the coming of biotechnology and hereditary designing, researchers can comprehend the plant structure in a superior manner and have formulated better approaches to further developing harvest yield and yield wellbeing.

What are the four major disciplines of Botany?

The disciplines of botany are divided into morphology, physiology, ecology, and systematics to derive a more systematic study of it as it is a vast branch of the natural sciences. 

Morphology manages the design and type of plants and incorporates such regions as life systems, the investigation of the association of tissues into the organs of the plant; regenerative morphology, the investigation of life cycles; cytology, the investigation of the cell; trial morphology, or morphogenesis, the investigation of improvement; and histology, the investigation of tissues.

Physiology manages the elements of plants. Its improvement as a subdiscipline has been intently joined with the improvement of different parts of natural science, particularly morphology. 

As a matter of fact, design and capacity are at times so firmly related that it is difficult to consider one freely the other. The investigation of capacity is basic for the translation of the unquestionably different nature of plant structures. 

As such, the elements of the plant, construction, and structure have advanced. Physiology likewise mixes subtly into the fields of organic chemistry and biophysics, as the exploration strategies for these fields are utilized to take care of issues in plant physiology.

Ecology manages the common connections and collaborations among organic entities and their actual climate. The actual variables of the climate, the atmosphere, and the land influence the physiological elements of the plant in the entirety of its signs, so that, generally, plant biology is a period of plant physiology under regular and uncontrolled circumstances. 

Plants are strongly delicate to the powers of the climate, and both their relationship into networks and their geological circulation are resolved to a great extent by the personality of the environment and soil. 

Also, the tensions of the climate and of life forms upon one another are strong powers, which lead to new species and the proceeding advancement of bigger gatherings. 

Ecology additionally examines the mutualistic connections that happen at various degrees of biological system synthesis, like those between people, populaces, or networks. Animal and plant collaborations, like those among plants and their herbivores or pollinators, are additionally a significant area of study.

Systematics manages the naming, classification, and position of plants. It incorporates arrangement and identification and empowers the botanist to understand the wide scope of plant variety and development.


The branch of biology that deals with plants, including the investigation of the design, properties, and biochemical cycles of all types of vegetation, as well as plant characterization, plant sicknesses, and the connections of plants with their actual climate is called botany. Without this body of knowledge, we wouldn’t learn and understand one of the most complex, self-sustaining, and life-giving organism on our planet. Plants is one of the most unique features of our planet as they can only exist here on our soil… for now. Plant signifies life therefore botany is significant as well to all life forms. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 26 branches of botany?

How many divisions are there in botany?

What might be compared to a Phylum is known as a Division. The Kingdom Plantae is separated into 14 Divisions. A Division (pl. Phyla) is the biggest proper significant gathering inside plant scientific categorization beneath Kingdom.

Who is the father of botany?

Theophrastus (c. 371-286 BC), known as the ‘father of herbal science’, composed many books, including the 10-volume set, Historia Plantarum (‘Enquiry into Plants’)

Is Botany a good career?

Botanist is a decent profession choice for up-and-comers who have an interest in vegetation. They can be engaged with plant examination, exploration, and insurance of the plant realm. They can find work in different areas like the Agriculture area, Research Institutes, the Pharmaceuticals industry, Educational Institutes, and so forth.


Mauseth, J.D., 2014. Botany: an introduction to plant biology. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Susan Isaac, Fungal-Plant Interactions (1992), a synthesis of fungal physiology, plant pathology, and biology

KINGSLEY R. STERN, Introductory Plant Biology, 6th ed. (1994), basic information on plant structure, function, reproduction, and evolution

Donna N. Schumann, Living with Plants: A Gardener’s Guide to Practical Botany, 2nd ed. (1992)

Branches of Botany, October 1, 2016, teachingsci. https://teachingscienceweb.wordpress.com/2016/10/01/branches-of-botany/ 

Botany Meaning. https://byjus.com/biology/botany/