What are the 10 Branches of Biology?

Biology is the study of life. It is the scientific study of living organisms, the forms of life, their origin, their evolution, and their interactions with the environment. Biology is divided into different branches. This article will answer the question “what are the 10 branches of biology.”

What are the 10 Branches of Biology?

The 10 branches of biology are the following:

  • Zoology
  • Botany
  • Microbiology 
  • Mammalogy
  • Herpetology
  • Taxonomy
  • Anatomy
  • Ecology
  • Genetics
  • Parasitology 

What is Biology?

Biology is the study of life and living organisms. It is one of the most interesting and important fields of science because it explains how living things work.

Biology has a lot to do with the body, the cells, and how they interact with each other. It is the scientific study of the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy of living organisms. 

The word biology comes from the Greek word bios meaning life. Biology is the study of living organisms. Biology is a very broad field that covers many different topics, such as cells, genetics, evolution, and behavior. 

The etymology of the word biology is derived from the Greek word bios, which means life. The word biology is an all-encompassing term for the study of living organisms.

There are 10 different branches of biology that are used to study different organisms which are further discussed below.


Zoology is the study of animals. It is a science that is concerned with the biology of all animals, including their behavior, their physiology, and their ecological relationships. 

Zoologists have always been interested in understanding the natural world and its inhabitants. They have been studying animals from early times, and their knowledge has led to many advances in human life.

Zoologists study all different kinds of animals, including insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Zoologists look at how animals live, their habitats, and how they interact with each other. 


Botany is the study of plants. It is a branch of biology that specializes in the study of plants. This includes their structure, growth, reproduction, and distribution. 

Botanists use many different tools to study plants, including microscopes, computers, and DNA sequencers. They also study the chemical composition of plants and the interactions between plants and their environment.


Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, their cells, and the chemical reactions they undergo. The word “micro” comes from the Greek word for small and “biology” means life. 

Microbiology is a broad discipline that includes everything from the study of viruses to the study of soil. There are many different types of microbiologists including medical microbiologists, food microbiologists, environmental microbiologists, and forensic microbiologists.


Mammalogy is the study of mammals. It is a branch of zoology that focuses on the biology of mammals, their evolution, behavior, ecology, and physiology. The word “mammal” comes from the Latin word “mamma,” which means “breast.”


Herpetology is the study of amphibians and reptiles. There are over 5,000 species of reptiles and amphibians around the world, and they are some of the most popular animals among humans. They are found on every continent except Antarctica. 

They have been around for hundreds of millions of years, dating back to the Triassic period, which is when dinosaurs roamed the Earth. Herpetology is a fascinating field that studies a variety of different species and their habitats.


Taxonomy is the science of classification. It is the systematic organization of living things and the naming of their groups and their relationships. 

The term taxonomy comes from the Greek words taxis, meaning “arrangement,” and logos, meaning “word.” Taxonomy is a form of classification that ranks living things into groups according to their characteristics, such as family, genus, or species. 

For example, humans are classified as primates, which is part of the class Mammalia. There are three main types of taxonomy: scientific, vernacular, and geographic.


Anatomy is the study of the structure of living organisms. It is a branch of biology that deals with the form and function of the body. There are hundreds of different parts that make up the body, and each part has a specific function. 

It also includes the study of how organs and systems function in health and disease. Anatomy is a science that has been around for thousands of years and is still used today in modern medicine. 


Ecology is the study of interactions among organisms and their environment. The field of ecology is concerned with the distribution and abundance of life in the biosphere, including interrelationships between organisms and their environment. 

Ecology looks at how organisms interact with one another, how they influence each other’s environment, and how they influence the distribution and abundance of other species.


Genetics is the study of heredity and variation in living organisms. It is the science of genes, DNA, and inherited traits. Genetics is the study of heredity and variation in living organisms. It is the science of genes, DNA, and inherited traits. The field of genetics is often divided into three broad categories: 

  • population genetics, which deals with how changes in a population affect its gene pool;
  • organismal genetics, which deals with the genetic makeup of individual organisms; and 
  • developmental genetics, which deals with how genes are expressed during embryonic development.


Parasitology is the study of parasitic organisms, including protozoa, helminths, and arthropods. It is an area of biology that deals with the interactions between parasites and their hosts. 

A parasite is an organism that obtains its food by feeding on the tissue of another living organism. Some parasites live in or on their host and cause no harm, while others may kill their host. Parasites can be a risk to human health, since they may be vectors for disease.


Biology is the study of living organisms and their interactions with each other and their environment. Biology is an important and fascinating field that helps us understand the world around us. Biology is also a very diverse field and studies everything from microscopic organisms to the way people live in different parts of the world.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): what are the 6 branches of philosophy?

Who is the father of biology?

The father of biology is considered to be Aristotle. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist who studied biology. In ancient Greece, Aristotle was the first to study animals and plants.

What is Cell Biology?

Cell biology is the study of living cells and their organelles. The word cell is derived from the Latin word cellula, meaning “small room.” Cell biology is the science that studies these tiny rooms and all the things that happen inside them. Cell biology has many sub-disciplines, including cell physiology, developmental biology, and molecular biology. These are all branches of cell biology that focus on specific areas of research.

What are the 3 main branches of Biology?

Biology is the study of life and living organisms. The three main branches of biology are:

  • Microbiology – the study of microorganisms.
  • Zoology – the study of animals.
  • Botany – the study of plants.


Woese, C. R. (2004). A new biology for a new century. Microbiology and molecular biology reviews, 68(2), 173-186.

Altman, P. L., & Dittmer, D. S. (Eds.). (1972). Biology data book. Bethesda, MD: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.

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